Revisión de la Literatura sobre Pruebas Diagnósticas para COVID-19

  • Paula Zambrano-Achig Universidad UTE. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo. Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública y Epidemiología Clínica (CISPEC). Ecuador
  • Camila Montesinos-Guevara Universidad UTE. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo. Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública y Epidemiología Clínica (CISPEC)
  • Verónica Guerra Universidad UTE. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo. Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública y Epidemiología Clínica (CISPEC)
  • Ricardo Hidalgo-Ottolenghi Universidad UTE. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo. Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública y Epidemiología Clínica (CISPEC)
  • Daniel Simancas-Racines Universidad UTE. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo. Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública y Epidemiología Clínica (CISPEC)
Palabras clave: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, pruebas diagnósticas

Resumen

La pandemia de COVID-19 causada por la transmisión del virus SARS-CoV-2 ha generado un gran impacto sanitario y socioeconómico de difícil solución ya que hasta el momento no existe un tratamiento o vacuna aprobado para combatirla. De esta manera, las medidas para controlar la transmisión de SARS-CoV-2 se han limitado al distanciamiento social, uso de tapa bocas y a la vigilancia epidemiológica a través de la implementación de pruebas diagnósticas en la población. Estas pruebas son útiles para conocer sobre la transmisión del virus, para poder aislar a los infectados, rastrear a los sospechosos, y de esta manera, obtener datos precisos sobre el número de casos de COVID-19. El uso de distintas pruebas influye en la toma de decisiones clínicas y de políticas públicas, por lo que el objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre las pruebas de diagnóstico para SARS-CoV-2, considerando, además, las recomendaciones otorgadas por diversas guías de práctica clínica que han sido desarrolladas durante el tiempo de pandemia.

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Citas

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Publicado
2020-11-26